50 Amazing Facts You May Not Know About Dogs
Are dog breeds all that different? Do a dog’s training, genetics and personality play any role in determining whether indeed, the dog is a man’s best friend? By examining various dog facts, we can answer these questions and more about dogs.
Believed to be descended from wild wolves and jackals, dogs were the first animals to be tamed by human beings. This relationship has lasted for over 15,000 years. Over the centuries, dogs have been bred to serve various purposes from hunting and herding to companionship and sniffing out cancer. Today, there is an assortment of dog breeds with different training and personalities. Listed below are 50 facts about dogs to help you these deeply complex yet amazing animals.
These 50 dog facts include scientific facts, dog breed facts, historical facts and facts on some famous dogs in history.
Scientific facts about dogs
- Dogs can see color although the range they can see is limited compared to ours.
- Just like fingerprints in humans, nose prints in dogs are unique. The nose print pattern of a dog can be used to identify it accurately.
- It has been proven that dogs have a sense of time. They can pick up on habits and routines due to their ability to sense how much time has passed.
- Certain food such as chocolate, cooked onions, macadamia nuts, and caffeine is harmful to dogs.
- Dogs can suffer from renal failure and die after eating small quantities of raisins and grapes.
- Three eyelids protect the eye of a dog. The nictating membrane which is the inner lid lubricates the eye.
- A mother may reject her puppy if it is delivered by cesarean and she is not allowed to clean it herself.
- Dogs kick after relieving themselves to further mark their territory with the scent glands on their feet.
- For improved flexibility for running, the shoulder blades of a dog are unattached to the rest of the skeleton.
- Dogs age seven times faster than humans. Seven dog years equate to one human year.
- When sleeping, dogs instinctively curl up to protect vital organs and conserve warmth.
- Research has shown that dogs dream most likely about their favorite activities.
- Dogs exhibit jealous behavior. They can get genuinely jealous when their owners display affection for other dogs.
- A dog can be considered a man’s best friend because petting the dog releases oxytocin in both you and him/her.
- Neutered or spayed dogs live longer than those that are intact.
- With a sense of smell that is approximately 100,000 times better than a human’s, dogs can smell fear and other emotions on people.
- Dogs prefer to poop while being in alignment with the earth’s magnetic field.
- Diseases like cancer cause the body to release different metabolic waste products which a dog can be trained to sniff out.
- Dogs experience separation anxiety.
- To get treats, dogs can result in deception.
- Dogs have 42 teeth on a strong jaw that can exert 320 pounds of pressure. Humans have 32 teeth, and their jaws exert 120 pounds.
- The average city dog can outlive its country counterpart by up to 3 years.
- Dogs, unlike humans, do not have an appendix.
- Puppies are functionally blind until the second month after they are born.
- Curiosity, anxiety, exercise, predatory instinct, and fleas are some of the reasons that dogs chase their tails.
- Dogs have nearly 1,700 taste buds to a human’s count of 473.
- A dozen separate muscles control the movements of a dog’s ear.
- Dogs are the only creatures other than humans who have prostates.
Dog breed facts
- Bloodhounds can track scents that are up to 300 hours old.
- The Labrador retriever is the most popular dog breed in Britain, Canada, and the US.
- The fastest dogs on earth, which are the greyhounds, can reach speeds of up to 45 miles per hour.
- The Egyptian Salukis, Greyhounds, and Dalmatians are among the oldest dog breeds according to documented history.
- The Irish wolfhound is the world’s largest dog breed while the Chihuahua is the smallest and the St. Bernard the heaviest.
- Dogs generally live about 15 years. Flat muzzle dogs have shorter lives than dogs who look like their wolf ancestors.
- Dogs can be bred to meet any demand. There are guard dogs, lap dogs and even fishing dogs that have webbed feet.
- Just like human babies Chihuahuas are born with a soft spot in their skulls. This weak spot closes with age.
- Research has shown that the most intelligent dog breeds are German Shepherds, Poodles and Border Collies. They are thought to be as smart as a two-year-old child.
- Lapdogs were bred by Ancient Greeks to be held on a lady’s lap to keep her stomach warm.
- Not only can the Lundehune breed close its ears, but it also has two extra toes.
Dog history facts
- In the last 100 years, dogs have killed more people than sharks in the US.
- Stephan Huneck built the first ever dog chapel in 2001 at St. Johnsbury, Vermont.
- 95 percent of the 55,000 annual cases of rabies in the world are as a result of dog bites.
- Legends of werewolves in Rome emerged during a time when abandoned dogs commonly roamed the streets in packs terrifying the people.
- In seventeen century England, homeless cats and dogs would drown during heavy rainstorms giving the appearance that it had rained ‘cats and dogs.’ The phrase “raining cats and dogs” was hence coined.
- Throughout history, dogs have been on the menu in various cultures including the Polynesians.
Famous dog facts
- Dogs are mentioned 14 times in the bible and three times in the Quran.
- Canine superstar Rin Tin Tin was the first dog to be cast by Hollywood. He was a five-day-old German Shepherd.
- The American president, Franklin Roosevelt, once claimed to have sent a destroyer to pick up his Scottish Terrier from the Aleutian Islands.
- Laika is the name of the mixed breed dog that was the first living being to travel to space back in in 1957.
- Orient, a German guide dog, guided the first blind man to hike the 2,100 Appalachian Trail in 1990. The hike took eight months.