20 Longest Bridges in the World
For centuries, human beings have constructed bridges for purposes of making traveling and transportation more convenient. These once solely functional architectural structures have since evolved into works of art and engineering marvels. Here we look at the 20 longest bridges in the world that continue to capture the imagination of the world with their sheer size and awe-inspiring beauty.
1. Danyang-Kunshan Grand Bridge in China (164,800m/102.4miles)
The current Guinness World Record holder for the longest bridge in the world 2019 is a railroad bridge that connects Shanghai City to the town of Nanjing in East China’s Jiangsu Province. Erection of the 8.5 billion dollar bridge was completed on 15th November 2010 after four years of construction by a workforce of over 10 thousand people.
2. Changua-Kaohsiung Viaduct in Taiwan (157,317m/97.8miles)
The second longest bridge in the world 2019 which was completed in 2007 links Baguashan in Changua to the Zuoying district. It is part of the Taiwan High-Speed Rail network and features a series of viaducts designed to make it earthquake resistant.
3. Tianjin Grand Bridge in China (113,700m/70.6miles)
The railway viaduct bridge runs between Qingxian and Langfang as part of the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway Network. Construction was completed in 2010, and in 2011, it was opened for business.
4. Cangde Grand Bridge in China (105,810m/65.7miles)
This is yet another section and the third longest bridge on the Beijing-Shanghai High-speed railway. The bridge has 3092 piers and is designed to withstand earthquakes.
5. Weinan Weihe Grand Bridge in China (79,732m/49.5miles)
After its completion in 2008, it was named the longest bridge in the world, but it lost the title two years later. As part of the Zhengzhou-Xian High-Speed Railway Network, the bridge crosses numerous highways, railways, and rivers including the Wei River which it crosses twice.
6. Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge in China (55,000m/34miles)
Hailed as an engineering wonder, the $20 billion HZMB is the longest sea-crossing bridge in the world. It is a bridge-cum-tunnel system that links Hong Kong, Zhuhai, and Macau. Two artificial islands connect the 4.2-mile long undersea tunnel and 14.2-mile long oversea bridge.
7. Bang Na Expressway in Thailand (54,000m/33.5miles)
This six-lane elevated highway was once the Guinness World Record title holder for the longest bridge in the world from 2000 – 2004. It crosses the Bang Pakong River, but most of its length is over dry land.
8. Beijing Grand Bridge in China (48,153m/29.9miles)
Running from Beijing South to Langfang, the railway viaduct is part of the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway system. Its longest span is 44 meters.
9. Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel (CBBT) in America (37,000m/23miles)
Located in the State of Virginia, US, the CBBT crosses the Chesapeake Bay connecting the Eastern Shore and the Delmarva Peninsula with the Western Shore and Tidewater. It is one of the only ten bridge-tunnel systems in the world. The CBBT carries the U.S Route 13 with four lanes on the bridges and 2 in the tunnels.
10. Sheikh Jaber Al Ahmad Al Sabah Causeway project in Kuwait (48,000m/29.82miles)
Dubbed the biggest maritime causeway project in the world, it is set to link the City of Kuwait and Subiya to the north. Aside from its miles of road, it features a cable-stayed bridge spanning 200m and two 30ha artificial islands that will house various service facilities.
11. Lake Pontchartrain Causeway in the U.S.A (38,442m/23.9miles)
Also known as the Causeway, this low-level trestle bridge in Southern Louisiana is the longest continuous bridge in the world over water, a Guinness World Record it has held since its completion in 1969. It features two parallel bridges connecting New Orleans to Mandeville on the other side of Lake Pontchartrain.
12. Line 1 of Wuhan Metro in China (37,788m/23.48miles)
The Guinness World Records rank this elevated metro line as the longest metro viaduct in the world. It came into operation on July 28th, 2004 and currently serves 32 stations in the Chinese City of Wuhan, Hubei.
13. Manchac Swamp Bridge in the U.S.A (36,710m/22.8miles)
This twin concrete trestle bridge is the longest bridge on the interstate system and one of the longest bridges in the world over-water. As its name suggests, it carries traffic over the Manchac Swamp in Louisiana as part of Interstate 55. It was opened in 1979 after a construction cost of about $7 million per mile.
14. Yangcun Bridge in China (35,812m/22.3miles)
This railway bridge is one of the ten longest bridges in China and the 13th longest bridge in the world 2019. It was opened in 2007 as part of the Beijing-Tianjin intercity railway.
15. Hangzhou Bay Bridge in China (35,673m/22.2miles)
This six lanes cable-stayed trans-oceanic bridge connects Jiaxing and Ningbo municipalities. It was opened in 2008 after ten years of design, construction, and testing by more than 600 experts. The goal of its structure was to reduce highway travel time and distance between Ningbo and Shanghai.
16. Runyang Bridge in China (35,660m/22.16miles)
As part of the Beijing-Shanghai Expressway, the Runyang Bridge complex links Zhenjiang on the South of Yangtze River and Yangzhou on the north. It comprises of the south suspension bridge with a span of 1,490 m and a cable-stayed northbridge with a span of 406 m.
17. Donghai Bridge in China (32,500m/20.2miles)
Stretching from mainland Shanghai to the offshore deep-water port of Yangshan, this is one of the longest cross-ocean bridges in the world. The beam bridge design with cable-stayed sections features a long and narrow speedway that cannot accommodate vehicles past a certain weight limit.
18. Atchafalaya Basin Bridge in the U.S (29,290m/18.2miles)
It is the third longest bridge in the US and is also known as the Louisiana Memorial Airborne Bridge. Its two parallel bridges connect Baton Rouge and Lafayette by carrying Interstate 10 over the Atchafalaya Basin. Due to the narrow and shoulder-less river crossings, the bridge is prone to accidents.
19. Jiaozhou Bay Bridge in China (26,707m/16.59miles)
This bridge was constructed between 2007 and 2011 at an estimated cost of U.S$ 1.5 billion. It transects Jiaozhou Bay connecting Qingdao and Huangdao. Although it spans over water for only 16.1 miles, its total length is over 26.5 miles long.
20. Jintang Bridge in China (26,540m/16.49miles)
Commonly referred to as “The Glass Bridge” by the Tianjin people, this bridge is part of the Yongzhou Expressway, and it connects Jingtang Island and Zhenhai Ningbo. It was opened in 2009, and its longest span stretches over 620 miles. It is the 20th longest bridge in the world as of 2019.